＊ The Interpreter：シドニーのシンクタンク " Lowy Institute " 系の豪メディア
Is America, like Japan, getting ‘Korea fatigue'? （ 日本同様、アメリカも韓国疲労症候群？ ）
Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe recently completed a successful trip to the US. As Brad Glosserman and Scott Snyderof CSIS argue, the trip came off about as well as anyone might have expected. Abe is the first Japanese prime minister to address Congress and seems to have built a good rapport with President Obama.
The expected, almost ritualised South Korean and Chinese criticisms of Abe's policy pronouncements seem to have left the Obama Administration unmoved. Earlier in the year, US Under Secretary of State Wendy Sherman said publicly that Korea's fixation on historical issues was 'frustrating' and produced 'paralysis, not progress.' The Korean response was predictably sharp, but as Karl Friedhoff and Alastair Gale both recently argued, the Koreans are slowly losing this global perceptual struggle with Japan.
＊ fixation：病的執着 ＊ paralysis：麻痺
What the Japanese call 'Korea fatigue' – exhaustion with South Korea's relentlesshammering of war-time issues, particularly its demand for another apology from Japan – is hitting the US, which deeply wants future-oriented cooperation between South Korea and Japan .
＞ Kerry was set to meet with Foreign Minister Yun Byung-se and President Park Geun-hye, and he planned to underscore the United States’ “ironclad commitment” to South Korea’s security, according to a senior State Department official.
Korean President Park Geun-hye and US Secretary of State John Kerry speak prior to a meeting at the Blue House in Seoul, Korea. A senior State Department official said Kerry will likely 'talk about the importance of Internet freedom... and closing the digital divide'（画像はReuters）
U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry, right, and U.S. Ambassador to South Korea Mark Lippert walk to a car upon his arrival from China, at the Seoul Military Airport in Seongnam, South Korea, Sunday, May 17, 2015.
U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry gives a thumbs-up to the staff at Vatos Urban Tacos, during a stop at the restaurant in Seoul, Korea, May 18, 2015. （画像はReuters）
Officials at the annual Beijing Marathon have announced that runners will be banned from urinatinganywhere on the track this year, and they have warned that any wrongdoers will be disqualified from the race.
Thousands of people have protested in Okinawa against a controversial US marine airbase in the southern Japanese island, as a two-decade-long row over the relocation of the site deepens.
The massive demonstrations on Sunday aimed to pressure Tokyo to halt building work for the military base that has continued despite vehement opposition from the local government in Okinawa.
Okinawa is home to more than half of the 47,000 US service personnel stationed in Japan as part of a defence alliance, a proportion many of the island's residents say is too high.
Washington announced plans to move the Futenma airbase in 1996, hoping to ease tensions with the host community after the gang-rape of a schoolgirl by servicemen.
But locals have pushed to block the relocation of the base within the island, insisting the facility should be fully removed instead. The demonstrations have soured relations between Tokyo and Okinawa - a once independent kingdom that was annexed by Japan in the 19th century.
"The government says we are to blame that the issue has stalled for 19 years and they tell us to find an alternative place [for the base relocation]. That is outrageous," shouted the anti-US base mayor of the Okinawa city of Nago, Susumu Inamine.
Al Jazeela も一時期の勢いはなくなって、かなり変容しているようにも思えますから、チャイナマネーが投下されていることは確実でしょう。
論調は左翼調ですが、最後に「While most Japanese value the protection the US alliance gives them, especially in the context of Beijing's growing regional assertiveness,」の一節を加えた辺りは、チョウニチくんと比較したら、まだ、マシでしょうか。
Hundreds of people rallied against the proposals in front of Mr Abe's office on Thursday.
Protester Akemi Kitajima was quoted by AFP news agency as saying: "The bills will eventually serve as a green light to join an American war. It is clearly a violation of the constitution."
South Korean anti-Japan activists have called for Mr Abe to apologise fully for wartime atrocities
China and South Korea, whose relationships with Japan have been tense in recent months over historic wartime issues, have accused Prime Minister Shinzo Abe, who proposed collective self-defence, of attempting to re-militarise Japan.
The so-called Islamic State group captured two Japanese men in Syria and demanded a ransom from Japan in retaliation for the country's support of others fighting the group.
The eventual beheading of Kenji Goto and Haruna Yukawa shocked Japan.
Japan’s cabinet approves bills to loosen post-war military restrictions
Protesters rally against the government of Japan's Prime Minister Shinzo Abe in Tokyo on Thursday after Japan's cabinet approved a set of bills bolstering the role and scope of the military.
TOKYO — Japan’s prime minister declared Thursday that his country would “never become entangled in a war being fought by the United States” as his cabinet approved legislation to loosen restrictions on Japan’s self-defense forces.
Even as he vowed that the changes would make technically pacifist Japan more peaceful, Prime Minister Shinzo Abe also insisted that the changes would strengthen the country’s military alliance with the United States.
“I want to make clear that Japan will never become entangled in a war being fought by the United States,” Abe said at a news conference after the cabinet approved revisions to 10 security-related laws.
“We’ve been tying to strengthen the Japan-U.S. alliance, which is the center of our country’s security. The ties between Japan and the U.S. are much stronger than ever due to my recent visit to the U.S.,” Abe said, referring to new bilateral defense guidelines.
The revisions, which will be submitted Friday to the nation’s parliament, the Diet, would allow Japan’s self-defense forces to aid the United States if it came under attack. A strong debate is expected when deliberations begin later this month.
Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe announces new security legislation in Tokyo on Thursday.
Under the American-written constitution imposed on the country after World War II, Japan has not been permitted to maintain a military and can act to defend itself only under a direct attack. The changes would give Japan a right of “collective self-defense” when it is placed in “apparent danger” as a result of an attack on the United States, Japan’s closest ally.
The second main change would allow Japan’s self-defense forces to be deployed overseas to support another army in combat, such as in Iraq or Afghanistan, although the government would still need the Diet’s approval every time before sending such forces abroad.
The cabinet began reinterpreting the constitution to allow the changes almost a year ago, but this week’s moves set the process in motion. The changes are highly controversial in Japan, where a majority of the population remains committed to a pacifist constitution. The revisions are considered a first step by Abe to try to amend the war-renouncing constitution if his ruling Liberal Democratic Party takes control of the upper chamber in elections next year.
Hundreds of people gathered outside the prime minister’s office Thursday to protest the changes, shouting, “Absolutely opposed to war bills” and “Don’t allow unilateral cabinet approval.”
One protester, Noriko Yoshino, a 58-year-old former teacher from Tokyo, said, “The government’s words sound like a deception because they call laws for war as ‘peace support’ measures,” according to the left- leaning Asahi newspaper.
Recent polls have found that about half of respondents either do not understand the legislative changes or oppose them.
In Washington, State Department spokesman Jeff Rathke said the legislation was a domestic matter for Japan, “but we certainly welcome Japan’s ongoing efforts to strengthen the alliance and to play a more active role in regional and international security activities.”
The changes are also highly controversial in South Korea and China, where critics fear they are part of a broader attempt by Abe, accused of being a revisionist and insufficiently repentant for Japan’s wartime aggression, to return the country to a more militaristic footing.
“We hope that Japan can earnestly learn the lessons of history, uphold the path of peaceful development . . . and play a constructive role in this Asian region,” Hua Chunying, spokeswoman for China’s foreign ministry, told reporters in Beijing, according to Reuters.
In Seoul, South Korean foreign ministry spokesman Noh Kwang-il said Japan must make changes to its defense policy “transparently.”
（ President Barack Obama hosts a state arrival ceremony for Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe, on Tuesday, on the South Lawn of the White House in Washington. Abe's wife Akie Abe, left in red, and first lady Michelle Obama are at left. ）
（ U.S. Ambassador to Japan Caroline Kennedy, center, stands with Akie Abe, wife of Prime Minister Shinzo Abe, left, before he addresses a joint meeting of Congress at the U.S. Capitol in Washington on April 29. ）
（ First lady Michelle Obama and Akie Abe, wife of the Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe, tour a Japanese immersion classroom, at Great Falls Elementary School in Great Falls, Va., Tuesday, April 28, 2015. The Japanese immersion is part of Virginia’s Fairfax County Public School’s World Languages Immersion Program, where elementary students learn math, science, and health through a foreign language. ）
（ Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe speaks during the Silicon Valley Japan Innovation Program at Stanford University on Thursday, April 30, 2015, Stanford, Calif. ）
（ Audience members listen to former Secretary of State George Shultz, left, Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe, Stanford University President John Hennessy, right, speak during the Silicon Valley Japan Innovation Program at Stanford University on Thursday, April 30, 2015, Stanford, Calif. ）
（ April 21, 2015: A pair of militia members prepare to fly drones during a test in Shanghai, China. ）
China's military plans to produce nearly 42,000 land-based and sea-based unmanned weapons and sensor platforms as part of its continuing, large-scale military buildup, the Pentagon's annual report on the People's Liberation Army (PLA) disclosed Friday.
China currently operates several armed and unarmed drone aircraft and is developing long-range range unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) for both intelligence gathering and bombing attacks.
President Sukarno of Indonesia,speaks at the opening ceremony of 1st Intercontinental Conference of Colored People also called the Asian-African Conference in Bandung,Indonesia. Representatives of various nations including The Indian Prime Minister, Jawahar Lal Nehru of India are also seen. Location: Bandung Indonesia. Date: April 17, 1955.
April 7 Tokyo, Japan：Businessmen walk through an area used for 'Hanami' or flower-viewing parties on the final day of the cherry blossom season in Tokyo's Ueno Park.
April 2 Himeji, Japan：Tourists take part in 'Hanami' or flower-viewing parties under cherry blossom trees in full bloom in the grounds of Himeji Castle. According to tradition during the Hanami season, people gather wherever cherry blossom trees are blooming and enjoy food and drinks often well into the night.
February 23 Okayama.Japan：Men wearing nothing but loincloths cram into the Saidaiji Temple for the Hadaka Matsuri, or Naked Festival. In a tradition dating back some 500 years, those taking part battle to grab one of two lucky talismans thrown by a Shinto priest. The winners are said to be blessed with good fortune for the next year.
March 12 Gyeryong, South Korea：A military officer runs to his position during the joint commission ceremony of thousands of new military officers of the army, navy, air force and marines at the military headquarters.
March 3 Gapyeong-gun, South Korea：Thousands of couples take part in a mass wedding of the Family Federation for World Peace and Unification, commonly known as the Unification Church , at Cheongshim Peace World Center. Approximately 3,800 couples form around the world exchanged their vows in the wedding claimed by the Church to be one of its largest ever.
Thousands of couples marry in mass wedding at 'Moonies' church in South Korea
About 4,000 couples from more than 50 countries exchanged wedding vows at a mass wedding. The couples were members of South Korea's controversial Unification Church, commonly known as 'Moonies' after their late founder and 'Messiah' the Reverend Sun Myung Moon.
A lifetime later, a Korean 'comfort woman' still seeks redress
(CNN)Kim Bok-dong is 89 now, and is going blind and deaf. She knows her health is fading, and she can no longer walk unassisted. But her eyes burn bright with a passion borne of redressing her suffering of a lifetime ago.
She enters a meeting of Tokyo foreign correspondents in a wheelchair, visibly exhausted after a flight from Seoul and days of interviews and meetings.
The nightmares from five years as a sex slave of the Japanese army, from 1940 onwards, are still crystal clear. Kim is determined to share her story with anyone who will listen, until she's no longer physically able.
"My only wish is to set the record straight about the past. Before I die," Kim says.
Kim was a 14-year-old girl when the Japanese came to her village in Korea. She says they told her she had no choice but to leave her home and family to support the war effort by working at a sewing factory.
"There was no option not to go," she recalls. "If we didn't go, we'd be considered traitors,"
Instead of going to a sewing factory, Kim says she ended up in Japanese military brothels in half a dozen countries. Along with about 30 other women, she says she was locked in a room and forced to do things no teenage girl -- no woman -- should ever have to do.
Kim describes seemingly endless days of soldiers lined up outside the brothel, called a "comfort station."
Often they were so close to the front lines, they could hear the battles of World War Two happening all around them.
"Our job was to revitalize the soldiers," she says. "On Saturdays, they would start lining up at noon. And it would last until 8pm. There was always a long line of soldiers. On Sunday it was 8 a.m to 5 p.m. Again, a long line. I didn't have the chance to count how many."
Kim estimates each Japanese soldier took around three minutes. They usually kept their boots and leg wraps on, hurriedly finishing so the next solider could have his turn. Kim says it was dehumanizing, exhausting, and often excruciating.
"When it was over, I couldn't even get up. It went on for such a long time. By the time the sun went down, I couldn't use my lower body at all. After the first year, we were just like machines," she says.
Kim believes the years of physical abuse took a permanent toll on her body. Tears stream down her cheeks as she explains how she was never able to fulfill her dream of having children.
"When I started, the Japanese military would often beat me because I wasn't submissive," Kim says.
"There are no words to describe my suffering. Even now. I can't live without medicine. I'm always in pain."
Not nearly enough
Kim is part of an NGO called the "Korean Council for the Women Drafted for Military Sexual Slavery by Japan," which is fighting for an apology.
Some Japanese prime ministers have personally apologized in the past, but the NGO director believes that it's not nearly enough.
Tokyo maintains its legal liability for the wrongdoing was cleared by a bilateral claims treaty signed in 1965 between South Korea and Japan.
Kim's story matches testimony from other so-called "comfort women."
In Washington, as Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe conducts a state visit to the United States, former Korean sex slave Lee Yong-soo makes a tearful plea to him, demanding an official apology for Japan's sexual enslavement of an estimated 200,000 comfort women, mostly Korean and Chinese. Many have since passed away, but those still alive want individual compensation for their treatment.
Critics say Abe has not been vocal enough. They fear his government is trying to whitewash the past, to appease conservatives who feel comfort women were paid prostitutes, not victims of official military policy.
"Unique to Japan"
"When it comes to the comfort women sex slave system, it is pretty much unique to Japan. I think Nazi Germany had some of it to a smaller degree. But in the Japanese case it was large scale, and state-sponsored, essentially," says Koichi Nakano, a professor of political science at Tokyo's Sophia University.
Nakano points out that, since Abe first came to office his government has succeeded in removing references to "comfort women" from many Japanese school textbooks.
It's part of what critics call Japan's track record of glossing over its war crimes.
"(Comfort women) have gone through tremendous trauma. And in a way, the Japanese government risks a second rape by discrediting their testimonies and treating (their experiences) as if they were lies," Nakano says.
Abe insists he and other Prime Ministers have made repeated apologies.
"I am deeply pained to think of the comfort women who experienced immeasurable pain and suffering," Abe told diet lawmakers last year.
Abe gave a similarly worded statement during a press conference Tuesday in Washington, DC -- leading critics to question the sincerity of Abe's expressions of remorse over the issue. Abe has said he does not believe women were coerced to work in the military brothels.
Nakano says Abe and conservative lawmakers feel "singled out."
"They feel there's some sort of a plot by other Asian countries to sully the Japanese name to their advantage."
With Abe's historic visit to the U.S. just months before the 70th anniversary of the end of World War Two, Kim wants President Obama to pressure his key Asian ally to do more to acknowledge history.
Meanwhile, Kim has had enough of the excuses she says are hampering her efforts to finally get peace.
"To say there's no evidence is absurd. I am the evidence," she says.
Japan joins Expo Milano 2015 with the aim of proposing its food culture as an example of a healthy, sustainable and balanced diet, and as a model that can alleviate the problems of hunger and global ecology. By the same token, it also sees this event as the perfect opportunity for promoting its image following the 2011 earthquake, encouraging tourism and business opportunities.
Japan’s participation unfurls essentially around two words: Health and Edutainment, or educational entertainment. Its typical dishes, based on rice, raw fish and vegetables are proposed as a balanced way of eating, contrasting with the excesses that can lead to obesity for a billion people. Projects for schools are also a vehicle for traditional concepts encouraging sharing and discouraging wastefulness.
The government has been working since 2005 to educate families on food awareness and seeks recognition from UNESCO for the Japanese diet as a cultural heritage of humanity.
Harmony (environmental and aesthetic) and technology, are added to these themes,articulating elements of food preservation on the one hand, and transport systems and food distribution on the other.
The Concept：China’s theme captures an attitude of thankfulness, respect and cooperation that characterizes its people: the land has fed man from its beginnings and hope suggests the prospect of a future where food can offer life to everyone.
The images above show many levels of racism perpetrated by white settlers from slavery in chains, to exploited and extremely underpaid workers and to forced movement to reserves and settlements, which were infamous for over-population and terrible health standards. In the settlements men and women were separated, mothers and children were separated. All this in the name of 'civilisation'.